Sets of Courses

First Year Classes

Medicinal Chemistry: One of the classes of Department of Basic Sciences, medicinal chemistry deals with studying organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, biochemistry and analytical chemistry.

The theoretical study of medicinal chemistry includes a number of classes that deal with inorganic chemistry. Students of these classes study acids, bases, salts and ions. As for organic chemistry, it deals with carbon compounds, while biochemistry deals with carbohydrates, fats, proteins and the like.

In the practical programs of medicinal chemistry, students perform a number of chemical experiments within the curriculum and then advance reports on the results and steps concluded and made within the chemical experiment involved.

Medical Biology: One of the classes of the Department of Basic Sciences, medical biology deals with studying biota and organisms, some life processes, and their relations with one another.

The theoretical study of medical biology includes a number of classes, the first part of which deals with organisms, cytology and vitals. The second part deals with parasites, their species, life cycles and reproduction methods. The third part deals with tissues and their classifications.

The practical study of medical biology studies general guidelines and how to use microscopes plus the microscope tools and accomplices. The next move is the study of each parasite alone, along with its life cycle, followed by the study of some tissues related. The practical study of medical biology depends mainly on teaching the correct ways of using microscopes and watching the samples thereunder.

Dental anatomy: One of the classes of Department of Dental Processing and Cosmetic Dentistry, dental anatomy is dedicated to the study of human teeth structures and their formation, development in the mouth, appearance, classification, and functions.

The theoretical study of dental anatomy includes a number of classes, starting with an introduction describing the names of all the teeth and some denture-related terminologies. Then, dental anatomy is dedicated to studying the anatomy of each teeth and describing its form and function.

In the field of practical study of dental anatomy, students are trained for carving teeth (dental carving) on wax blocks, based on the illustrations made within the theoretical study of dental anatomy.

General anatomy: One of the courses of Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, general anatomy is dedicated to the study of the anatomy (dissection) of the dental formula and the structure of tooth parts and the connections between all the teeth.

The theoretical study of general anatomy includes a number of classes, starting with an introduction describing the anatomical terminology. Then, the classes are dedicated to the study of human anatomy along with its organisms and systems.

In the classes of practical study of general anatomy, students are acquainted with the body parts that have been studied anatomically within the classes of the theoretical study, using samples available in the lab.

Medical physics: One of the courses of Department of Basic Sciences, medical physics is aimed at connecting the subjects of physics with medicine and the application of such subjects thereto. It also studies how to use the laws of physics to explain the human body functions.

The theoretical study of medical physics starts with the study of (physical) levers, bodily movements and heat, followed by the study of energy, its types, pressure and rays and their relations with human body. The study also includes algorithmic processes and other scientific issues.

As for practical study, physical experiments are conducted in laboratories by different groups of students. Each group then produces a report comprising the theories, explanations, measures, and algorithmic processes plus diagrams used in these experiments.

Computer Science and Technology: Recently, and more specifically with the beginning of the 21st century, computer sciences have had the major role in running the majority of different jobs. Therefore, learning at least the basics and skills of computer science has become a necessity.

The theoretical study of computer science starts with the study of the hardware (i.e. tools, machinery and other physical components of a computer), followed by the study of the internal systems of computers. Then comes the study of communication technology via the internet and cell phone networks. The theoretical study also touches on the roles played by computers and computer technology in the fields of dentistry.

As for the practical study, students inside the computer labs learn the skills of using the Microsoft software and the skills of typing.

Human Rights: The University curriculum pays much attention to the students’ learning such topics as human rights, freedoms, international laws, paragraphs of the Constitution of Iraq, human rights charter and global organizations.

Medical Terminology: In fields of medicine, certain terms are used, most of which are of Latin and Greek vocabulary as well as other foreign languages. Those working in fields of medicine must learn these words and terminology.

The theoretical study of Medical Terminology is dedicated to teaching the medical terminology along with their roots, their structures and the names of human organs and systems. It is also dedicated to teaching the names of diseases, the methods of diagnosis and the electronic devices used in the field of medicine generally and dentistry particularly.

No practical study is involved.

Second Year Classes

General histology: One of the classes of Department of Basic Sciences, general histology is dedicated to the study of cells and tissues generally.

The theoretical study of general histology is concerned with studying human tissues and cells and their types, functions and classifications according to the body systems.

The practical study in the lab of histology includes testing, drawing and learning lab samples of the tissues that have been explained theoretically.

Oral histology: Although resembling the study of general histology to a great extent, oral histology is dedicated to the study of the tissues of mouth and teeth particularly.

The theoretical study of oral histology is concerned with the study of oral tissues and histological structures of dental pulps, gums, and tongue… etc.

The practical study of oral histology is concerned with studying the sound tissues that have been theoretically explained under microscopes.

Biochemistry: One of the classes of Department of Basic Sciences, classes of biochemistry are complementary to the classes of medicinal chemistry. Biochemistry, a combination of chemistry and biology, is concerned with the study of all the chemical reactions and processes inside human organisms.

The theoretical study of biochemistry focuses on the study of the methods of metabolism (the self-sustaining chemical reactions in organisms) for different compositions, such as fats and carbohydrates. It also studies the methods of producing, eliminating and converting (food/fuel) to energy.

In the practical study, a number of different analyses are tested to recognize the method of analytic diagnosis of many diseases, including kidney and liver diseases.

General anatomy: The most important of the basics of medicine is anatomy. Distinctively, the classes of general anatomy are focused on the head and neck anatomy. The importance of this branch of anatomy lies in its being the basic material of and the introductory to studying oral surgery.

The theoretical classes of general anatomy are concerned with the study of the anatomy of the face and neck, the central nervous system, muscles, bones, cavities, and knuckles. It is preferable to use diagrams and internet-based holographic projection of a series of images and videos (holovids) as well as laboratorial holograms and diagrams to facilitate learning and understanding.

In the practical study, anatomy laboratories illustrate the subjects that have been explained theoretically on plastic holograms or natural mummies.

Embryology: One of the classes of Department of Basic Sciences, embryology is regarded as of special importance to dental professions generally and pediatric dentistry particularly.

The theoretical study of embryology is concerned with the study of the prenatal development and the stages of the development of the fetus, beginning with the fertilized egg, which develops into blastocyst, an embryo, then a fetus and ending with birth according to the classification of body organs. It also includes the study of birth deformities and genetic disorders.

No practical study is involved.

Dental Industry: Classes of dental industry are the introductory scientific course to Department of Dental Industry. Focus must be made to the basic laboratorial aspect of this profession.

The theoretical study of dental industry is exclusively dedicated to the study of the steps of manufacturing complete movable artificial dentures to be provided to patients who lost all of their teeth. This is the foundational stage in the upcoming classes of dental industry. Therefore, concentration and note-taking are the most active means for achieving the utmost advantage.

As for practical study, in laboratories of dental industry, the steps of manufacturing complete movable artificial dentures and perfect dentition are learnt.

Dental Materials: The classes of dental materials are concerned with the study of the materials used in the various fields of dentistry, such as dental industry, treatment and preventive care.

As for the theoretical study, initially the materials used in the fields of dentistry are studied, including the materials of dental molds and impressions, their structures, the advantages and disadvantages of dental molds, and how to use them. After that, the materials of dental treatments and fillings are taught.

Practical study is made in the lab of dental materials where students are taught the ways of using each material and the different commercial brands of dental core build-up materials.

Freedom and Democracy: Resembling the classes of human rights to some extent, the classes of freedom and democracy include an introduction to democracy and its history, kinds, systems and ways of application, in addition to other conspicuous topics on culture and politics.

Physiology: Classes of physiology are dedicated to the study of functions and mechanisms in a living system, as well as the interactions between body organs.

The theoretical study of physiology is concerned with the study of such important body system as the nervous system, the endocrine system, and the circulatory system, and the function of each organ in these systems besides their effects on the body. Physiological and functional diseases are also studied.

Practically, in the physiology lab students perform experiments of blood analysis for their colleagues and then test the samples under microscopes. They also learn the most important apparatuses used in performing such experiments and tests.

Third Year Classes

Oral Surgery: One of the courses of Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, the classes of oral surgery are concerned with teaching the students the surgical instruments, sterilization, and anesthesia, plus methods, mechanism and types of dental extraction.

In the classes of theoretical oral surgery, a practical material is given to students to make them understand oral surgery theoretically. This material is thus the guide of students throughout their exercising the profession of dentistry. Follow-up of and concentration on the lectures of theoretical oral surgery are the only way to excellent learning. Other ways are writing down helpful notes and paying much attention to the explained material.

Practically, by the use of illustrative puppets, students put into practice what they’ve learned, such as the basics of anesthesia and the techniques of simple and surgical dental extraction.

Microbiology: One of the classes of Department of Basic Sciences, microbiology is dedicated to the study of the structure, properties and act of bacteria, parasites, and pathogenic viruses. It also studies the diseases caused by such micro-organisms along with the way of diagnosis and treatment.

The theoretical study of microbiology deals elaborately with some most common kinds of bacteria, parasites and viruses, especially those causing oral and dental diseases. The study thus requires students to continually learn the most important points and terminology of microbiology.

The practical study of microbiology is done in microbiology lab where students learn the most important tests needed by dentists to diagnose infectious diseases and the ways of implanting and identifying the classes and properties of bacteria and parasites found in the lab.

Prosthodontics (dental fillings): Also known as dental prosthesis or prosthetic dentistry, prosthodontics is the basic function of a dentist. It includes restoring missing teeth, missing parts of teeth and the colored teeth for purpose of cosmetics.

The theoretical study of prosthodontics includes many exact details of dental burs techniques, caries removal and dental compensation through fillings, bridges or fixed dental prostheses (crowns). Students can learn all these details so accurately in this theoretical study. Furthermore, they learn the modalities of sterilization most suitable to the instruments and workplaces.

Practically, students put into practice what they’ve learned in the classes of theoretical study in the lab of dental fillings, using artificial dentures and illustrative puppets.

Radiology: A physico-medical discipline of Department of Oral Diagnosis, radiology deals with the types of radiological technology used in the field of dentistry, in addition to Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and other imaging techniques.

Theoretically, the academic year of the classes of radiology starts with detailed explanation of the physicality of X-ray devices and the way they work. For the students to understand these matters requires them to follow up and comprehend the material given in these classes. Students are also taught the radiography technology, its angles and types, and how to read and diagnose radiographs.

In order to apply practically the theoretical classes of radiology, a laboratorial study must be added. Of course, the radiology lab is of great importance, since it is the only practical way to train students for performing one of the most important steps of oral diagnosis.

The most important steps thereof are: Points of entry, angle, position of head and position of cone, and film.

Pharmacology: One of the most important medical sciences that are essentially needed by physicians, pharmacology is dedicated to the study of drug and medication action, especially the dentistry-involved medicines that leave positive effects on patients.

In the theoretical classes of pharmacology, explanations of the classifications of the most commonly used medicines are given, especially those which affect negatively the plans of dentists’ treatments and may occasionally expose the patients’ lives to danger. The material of these classes need much understanding, concentration and follow-up.

The theoretical lectures are re-explained practically in the lab in the form of seminars prepared and submitted by the students, or in the form of detailed explanation of cases that need to be treated by the medicines that have been explained theoretically.

Social Medicine: Social medicine is dedicated to the study of the ways of taking census of the common diseases, their conditions, the areas of their prevalence, and the ways of their transmission among people. The classes of social medicine might sometimes comprise some statistics.

In the classes of practical study of social medicine, presentations of difference diseases are prepared and introduced by the students.

General pathology: Genera pathology is a program of study concerned with the study of the most common functional disorders and infectious diseases.

The theoretical classes of general pathology teach the students the most common pathogens (organisms that cause disease), pathogenic diseases, and ways of diagnosis through histological examination and cellular and histological changes. Understanding the material of these classes requires the students to write it down and draw diagrams in order to memorize the repeated information.

As for the practical study, the histological examination lab displays images of infected tissues, focusing on the most important properties of both healthy and infected tissues.

Dental Industry: One of the courses of Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, this course is the second part of the series of dental industry study.

The theoretical study of dental industry is dedicated to the study of how to manufacture fixed-movable dental bridges for patients who lost parts of their teeth. It also studies the material and the devices used in such dental industry as well as the technology thereof.

In the second part of the series of practical dental industry study, the study is practically presented in teaching dental industry laboratories. This stage is relatively simpler than the previous stage, because the same steps are repeated, while the one and only difference may be that dental bridge-fixing wires are added, and certain designs are chosen for each case separately.

Fourth Year Classes

Internal Medicine: Of great importance to every physician and dentist, internal medicine is the medical specialty dealing with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of internal chronic and most common diseases.

The theoretical classes of internal medicine are concerned with the study of the symptoms and diagnosis of some most common internal diseases, especially those interfering with the work of dentists, such as blood and heart diseases. Thus, these theoretical classes require very much attention and sustained follow-up paid by students.

The practical study of internal medicine takes the form of tutorials in hospitals (namely, the Al-Sadr Teaching Hospital and Al-Mawani General Hospital), for the students to have a field idea about the applied aspect of internal medicine, especially the cases that have been explained within the theoretical study.

General Surgery: It is one of the basic courses in the field of maxillofacial surgery.

The theoretical classes of general surgery are concerned with teaching the basics of general surgery, side effects, diagnosis, treatment and monitoring the patients.

Surgical laboratories, where the practical study of general surgery is given, are usually found in the surgical units of teaching hospitals, where students can have a field idea about the cases that have been explained theoretically and can develop their skills of dealing with patients and clinical examinations.

Oral Surgery: Along with more details and clinical aspects, this is the second station of oral surgery, complementary to what students have learned in the third year classes of oral surgery.

The classes of theoretical study of oral surgery are concerned with teaching the students the techniques of oral surgery, the methods of preventive care and sterilization, the tools used in oral surgery, surgical diseases and tumors and many other related issues.

As for practical study, in teaching clinics of oral surgery students give surgical treatments to a number of patients of different oral conditions and defects. It is however necessary to observe sterilization, protection, and most accurate diagnosis. Yet, what is more important for students is to master the techniques of aesthesis and dental extraction. Students should also focus on the details deliberately.

Periodontal diseases: Classes of periodontal diseases explain the basic course of periodontal diseases field of specialty.

The theoretical classes of periodontal diseases are concerned with the study of the biological, mechanical and chemical impacts on the hygiene of the periodontal tissues (tissues that surround and support the teeth) as well as the most common periodontal diseases and the prevention and treatment methods.

Practical study is performed in the teaching clinic of periodontal diseases where students are taught practically how to diagnose such diseases and how to treat them. The most important step lies in the primary diagnosis.

Pediatric Dentistry: One of the courses of Pediatric Dentistry and Dental Preventive Care, the classes of pediatric dentistry are dedicated to the study of the dental treatments of a certain age group and the study of this age group’s dental diseases and preventive care.

The theoretical classes of pediatric dentistry are concerned with the study of the formation of primary teeth and the methods of tooth eruption and treatment. They are also concerned with teaching the proper ways of dealing with children plus the ways of diagnosing and treating their special cases. Follow-up of these theoretical classes is very important, and so is noting down the material.

No practical study is involved.

Oral diseases: One of the course of Department of Oral Diagnosis, the classes of oral diseases explain the diseases that affect the mouth and the accompanying histological changes.

The classes of theoretical study of oral diseases start with a swift review of oral anatomy of the tissues that surround the mouth and teeth. They then study the most common diseases that affect the tissues of the mouth, including the tongue, the inner lining of the mouth, and the salivary glands. These classes require careful follow-up and note-writing.

The practical study of oral diseases is concerned with examinations of diseased tissues of the mouth and the study of their structures, components and the changes that have occurred to them. It also includes a study of the methods of collecting oral histological samples.

Dental Industry: One of the courses of Department of Dental Industry, this course is the third part of the series of dental industry study, which is accompanied by an applied study of the clinical part thereof.

The theoretical study of dental industry is concerned with the study of the laboratorial and clinical aspects of the steps of the manufacturing of fixed-movable partial dentures for patients who have lost part of their teeth. The study requires linking the information learnt in the third and the fourth year classes along with note-writing.

In the teaching clinic of dental industry, the classes of practical study of dental industry are given, where students learn how to deal with patients and the steps of treatment for completing the compensational fragments. The marks of students are decided according to the fragments they accomplish, which are usually four to six fragments, along with taking into account the variety of cases.

Orthodontics: Classes of orthodontics are concerned with the study of the basics of orthodontics (the treatment and prevention of irregularities of the teeth and jaws), as one of the branches of dentistry, in addition to the diagnosis, treatment and preventive care.

In the beginning, the theoretical classes of orthodontics explain the teeth growth and eruption, in addition to their ages, natural movements, their structural relationships and their impacts on the teeth arrangement. Then comes the study of such topics as the muscular and behavioral effects and the bad habits and their impacts on the teeth. The classes then go on to present treatment methods of the previously explained cases.

Follow-up of the lectures and daily study are highly required. Also, having full acquaintance with the available cases is the guide to excellence in study.

In the practical classes, students are trained practically by the use of artificial molds in order to learn the possible ways of treatment for each case alone and in each lab. In order for the students to get full information and the best understanding, they are recommended to attend all these practical classes and work meticulously inside the labs.

Dental restorations: A program of study complementary to the third-year class of prosthodontics, this year’s classes of dental restorations touch on more details and deal with the clinical side of prosthodontics.

In the beginning of the theoretical study, the concepts of preventive treatments, accurate diagnosis and its methods, the materials used in dental fillings and their properties are studied. Thereafter, treatments of the different tooth root decays are studied. Finally, the study is focused on dental root fillings, their materials and methods of treatment; i.e. endodontic treatments (the study of dental pulp and tissues surrounding the roots of a tooth).

The practical study of dental restoration is made in the teaching clinic of dental fillings and restoration, where students are taught to treat a number of patients, taking into consideration the diversity of dental decay cases and the different types of dental fillings.

Fifth Year Classes

Oral Medicine: Oral medicine is a study material complementary to the oral diseases material that is studied at Department of Maxillofacial Surgery.

The theoretical study of oral medicine is concerned with the study of the methods of diagnosis and treatments of the oral ulcers, tumors, cancer and the like. Students are required to pay much attention to the lectures of oral medicine, for these lectures are very useful in the professional life of dentists.

In the practical classes of oral medicine, two cases of oral ulcers and one case of timporomandibular join disorder (TMJ) are treated practically, depending on the methods explained in the classes of theoretical study of oral medicine. A periodic follow-up of the treated cases is very important.

Oral Surgery: Oral surgery is the final step that trains students for a future study for master degree in the field of oral surgery.

The theoretical classes of oral surgery are concerned with the study of surgical interventions in operations of the extraction of decayed and embedded teeth and oral cysts and tumors, the treatment of dental fractures and strokes, and dental implant.

The practical study of oral surgery involves the treatment of several cases in the teaching clinic of oral surgery. Besides, there is an additional case representing the students’ presence in two oral surgical operations as surgeon assistants, which is equal to ten marks approximately. Student are highly recommended to start participations in oral surgical operations at the beginning of the academic year.

Periodontal Diseases: The periodontal diseases classes are concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of gum diseases. This material is complementary to the previously studied classes of general pathology.

In the theoretical classes of periodontal diseases, the gum diseases are explained along with the diagnosis and treatment methods. The most advanced technology used in the treatment of periodontal diseases is also explained.

The classes of practical study of periodontal diseases teach the ways of treating cases of periodontal calcification, stains and inflammations.

Pediatric dentistry: Pediatric dentistry is concerned with the study of the problems of primary dentition (deciduous teeth), the methods of their maintenance, and the preventive methods from future problems in children’s teeth. This is the final episode in the teaching series of the academic study of Department of Pediatric Dentistry.

Classes of theoretical study of pediatric dentistry involve a set of seminars prepared and presented by the students as is required from them by their teachers.

Practical study is done in the teaching clinics of pediatric dental decay, extraction and gum diseases, where students are taught the treatments of such problems. However, most students face difficulties of dealing with children, especially the uncooperative and the feisty. Such difficulties can be solved by such methods as encouraging them, giving presents, and managing one’s anger and agitation.

Dental industry: Complementary to the dental industry classes of the previous stages of study, the material of dental industry is the final step in the path of the dental industry field of specialty.

Classes of theoretical study of pediatric dentistry involve a set of forums prepared and presented by the students on topics that have already been specified by lecturers and teachers.

Practical study of dental industry is done in the teaching clinic where students are taught the methods of treatment of a certain number of complete dentures and semi-complete dentures cases. It is necessary for students to learn fully the information that has been given in the previous parts of the dental industry programs of study.

Dental restoration (fillings): This material is complementary to the material studied in the previous stages in the field of dental fillings. Most graduates of dental colleges confirm that the classes of dental restoration are the most important and most practical classes in their working lives.

In the first term of the theoretical study of dental restoration, explanations are given about the methods of treatment with root canal fillings. In the second term, the methods of treatment with fixed prosthetic bridges and cosmetic dental crowns are explained.

The practical study of classes of dental restoration involves the treatment of ten cases of normal dental fillings and two cases of root canal fillings. Each case takes four or more sessions. Importantly, the material and the suitable tools to be used in each session must be prepared before the start of the practical session.

Orthodontics: The material of orthodontics is actually the basic entry to those who aspire to get a master degree in this field. This material is complementary to the classes of orthodontics studied in the fourth year classes, along with clinical classes.

The theoretical study of orthodontics is concerned with the study of the physicality of manufacturing various types of molds of correcting the irregularities of the teeth and jaws in addition to the study of the diagnosis and the methods of simple but necessary treatments. Besides, the different parts of the fixed-movable orthodontic devices and their functions are studied.

The practical study of orthodontics involves the treatment of one case only, preferably a less than 12-year-old infant, in addition to a follow-up of two other cases different than the aforesaid basic case. It is very important for students to attend these practical classes. What is even more important is for students to pay very much attention to the material given and note down the remarks mentioned by the supervisors on the clinics during the practical sessions. After finishing the treatment, students are required to prepare for a seminar to explain the diagnosis of the case, the methods of treatment, and the steps taken, along with attaching illustrative images.

Preventive Medicine: Preventive medicine is concerned with the theoretical and practical study of the methods of dental preventive care and protecting the oral tissues from being affected by diseases.

The theoretical study of preventive medicine is concerned with the study of the methods of prevention of dental diseases such as tooth decay, gum diseases and the other oral diseases. It also teaches the correct way of the use of fluoride and the correct ways of toothbrush.

The practical study of preventive medicine involves the treatment of two cases, one of which is the applying of fluoride to the children’s primary teeth, while the other is the applying of the fissure sealants (the plastic coatings painted on the grooves of the back teeth). Both cases are treated in the teaching clinic of preventive medicine.